Debian 9 Setup

System Startup

The rc.local script is executed at boot time or when changing runlevels. Adding commands to the bottom of this script is an easy way to perform necessary tasks. Install in Debian 9 as below, add instructions to be executed to rc.local.

  1. Create file rc.local in /etc with the following content:
    vim /etc/rc.local
    #!/bin/sh -e
    # rc.local
    # This script is executed at the end of each multiuser runlevel.
    # Make sure that the script will "exit 0" on success or any other
    # value on error.
    # In order to enable or disable this script just change the execution
    # bits.
    # By default this script does nothing.
    exit 0
  2. Add execute permissions and start daemon:
    chmod +x /etc/rc.local
    systemctl daemon-reload
    systemctl start rc-local
    systemctl status rc-local
    ● rc-local.service - /etc/rc.local Compatibility
       Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/rc-local.service; static; vendor preset: 
      Drop-In: /lib/systemd/system/rc-local.service.d
       Active: active (exited) since Sun 2019-05-05 10:55:29 +07; 11min ago
      Process: 1443 ExecStart=/etc/rc.local start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
        Tasks: 0 (limit: 4915)
       CGroup: /system.slice/rc-local.service

System Shutdown

  1. Put a symbolic link to the script to be run at shutdown into /lib/systemd/system-shutdown